The rotator cuff is group of muscles and tendons that act to stabilize the shoulder. Rotator cuff injury is one of the most common causes for shoulder pain. Patients will typically have pain with movement of the arm, especially when raising the arm above the head.
Compression of nerves leaving the spinal cord can cause shoulder pain. Pain is typically sharp and shooting
Irritated bands of muscle can result in aches, spasm, or tightness which can lead to pain over a remote area. This phenomenon is known as referred pain, caused by “trigger points” (irritated muscle bands) can often times can cause shoulder pain.
Facet joints in the neck can help stabilize the spine. Arthritis is one of the most common causes of facet joint syndrome caused by inflammation or detrition of the joint. Just like the joints in the knees and hands, the joints in the neck can suffer from arthritis. Trauma to the joints can also lead to pain. Typically, patients will feel aches especially with turning, flexing, or extending the neck. Many times the pain can be referred to the head, shoulders, and arms.